Diabetes in America

Diabetes in America

In order to reduce the impact of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes, the CDC has established the National Diabetes Prevention Program (National DPP), which provides a framework for preventing type 2 diabetes efforts in the United States.

According to a new report published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 100 million American adults live with diabetes or prediabetes. The report reveals that in 2015, 30.3 million Americans – or 9.4% of the American population live with diabetes. Another 84.1 million people have prediabetes, a condition that, if left untreated, often leads to type 2 diabetes within five years. The report reaffirms that the rate of new diabetes diagnoses remains steady. However, the disease continues to be a growing health issue: diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in the United States in 2015. The report also includes county-level data for the first time and shows that some areas of the country carry a huge burden of diabetes than others. “While these results show progress in the management and prevention of diabetes, there are still a lot of Americans with diabetes and pre-diabetes,” said CDC Director Brenda Fitzgerald, M.D. “More than a third of American adults are pre-diabetic and most do not know. Presently more than ever, we need to step up efforts to reduce the burden of this serious disease. ” Diabetes is a serious disease but the good news is that it can be controlled by physical activity, healthy eating and proper use of insulin and other medicines to control blood sugar. People with diabetes have an increased risk of serious complications of health, including premature death, vision loss, heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, and amputation of toes, feet, or legs. The national diabetes statistics report, published approximately every two years, provides information on the prevalence and incidence of diabetes, prediabetes, and risk factors for complications, acute and long-term complications, mortality and costs in the United States. Key findings of the national diabetes statistics report
The report states that:
  • In 2015, about 1.5 million new cases of diabetes are diagnosed in people aged 18 years and over.
  • Almost one in four adults living with diabetes – 7.2 million Americans – did not know that they were suffering from this disease. Only 11.6% of adults with prediabetes knew they had them.
  • Diagnosed diabetes rates have increased with age. Adults from 18 to 44 years of age, 4% had diabetes. 17% of people aged 45-64 had diabetes. And 65 years or more, 25% had diabetes.
The rate at which diabetes is diagnosed were higher among American Indians / Alaska Natives (15.1%), non-Hispanic blacks (12.7%) and Hispanics (12.1%), compared to Asian (8.0%) and non-Hispanic white (7.4%).
Some other differences are listed below:
  • Prevalence of diabetes significantly differed from the level of education. Among American adults who did not complete high school, 12.6% had diabetes. Among those that have higher education, 9.5% had diabetes; and among those with more than a high school diploma, 7.2% had diabetes.
  • More men (36.6%) had pre-diabetes than women (29.3%). The rates were similar for women and men, by racial/ethnic or educational level.
  • The southern and US Appalachian showed the highest rate of diagnosed diabetes and new cases of diabetes.
“In line with past trends, research has shown that diabetes cases continue to grow, but not as fast as in previous years,” said Ann Albright, Ph.D., R.D., director of CDC’s Division of Diabetes Translation. “Diabetes is a factor that contributes to so many other serious health problems. In the fight against diabetes, other health problems such as heart disease, stroke, nerve and kidney disease, and loss of vision are limited.”
CDC partnerships for the prevention of diabetes In order to reduce the impact of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes, the CDC has established the National Diabetes Prevention Program (National DPP), which provides a framework for preventing type 2 diabetes efforts in the United States. According to the landmark Diabetes Prevention Program research findings funded by the National Institute of Health (NIH), the National DPP includes an evidence-based, year long, behavior change program which is designed to enhance eating habits and increase physical activity to lose a modest amount of weight and significantly reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. Raise awareness and offer help for people with prediabetes to know where they belong and prevent type 2 diabetes, the CDC, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the American Medical Association (AMA), in collaboration with the Ad Council, launched the first national public service advertising (PSA) campaign on prediabetes. These hilarious PSAs in English and Spanish encourage people to make a short online test at DoIHavePrediabetes.org know their risks. In order to prevent serious and expensive complications of diabetes, states work with CDC to improve access to diabetes self-management education (DSME), emphasizing the DSME programs to comply with national quality standards. In addition, CDC and NIH’s Natural Experiments for Translation in Diabetes (NEXT-D) study evaluated existing data to determine whether diabetes prevention and control interventions and policies are effective under real-life conditions.